Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate was a Muslim dynasty that ruled over a vast empire from 661 to 750 CE. It was founded by Muawiyah bin Sufyan, who was the governor of Syria under the previous Rashidun Caliphate.

The Umayyads established their capital in Damascus, and the empire expanded rapidly under their rule, stretching from Spain in the west to India in the east.